HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. Simply put, HTML is the computer language that is used on the internet for the purpose of website creation. HTML provides the foundation, structure and content necessary for building a website.
Hypertext refers to the text that the user observes on the screen of a computer or other handheld electronic device. Hyperlinks are at times included within the hypertext to provide quick, direct access to information when clicked on. Hyperlinks can be underlined or may be a different color than the rest of the text on that page.
Markup Language refers to the set of symbols or codes that are typed into a text file. These symbols or codes are also referred to as tags. HTML uses these tags to structure each part of the website so that it can then be viewed through an internet browser. The internet browser reads and interprets the code and puts it in a form that is visible to the user.
HTML has evolved significantly since its inception. HTML5 represents the fifth revised version of this computer language and the first since 1997. In 1997 most webpages were built with simple layouts and basic interactive elements. At the time, plug inís like JAVA were required to run the interactive elements.
HTML5 is a significant improvement over earlier HTML versions. HTML5 provides the framework to deliver content to different devices and works well with most web browsers. It was developed mainly to improve the functionality of mobile devices. As a result, audio and video are now an integral part of HTML5. It is a mobile ready tool that allows developers to more efficiently create applications, games as well as multiplatform websites. HTML5 has dedicated video and audio tags that allow supporting browsers to play animation and video without the use of third party plug ins. Overall, HTML5 has succeeded in meeting the needs of the mobile device market and has greatly improved the user experience.